HERE we will discuss: who journalists are and what they do; why people become journalists; and what qualities you need to be a good journalist. Journalists work in many areas of life, finding and presenting the information.
However, for the purposes of this manual, we define journalists principally as men and women who present that information as news to the audiences of newspapers, magazines, radio or television stations, or the Internet.
What do journalists do?
Within these different media, there are specialist tasks for journalists. In large organizations, journalists may specialize in only one task.
In small organizations, each journalist may have to do many different tasks. Here are some of the jobs journalists do:
Reporters gather information and present it in a written or spoken form in news stories, feature articles or documentaries.
Reporters may work on the staff of news organizations, but may also work freelance, writing stories for whoever pays them.
General reporters cover all sorts of news stories, but some journalists specialize in certain areas such as reporting sport, politics, or agriculture.
Sub-editors take the stories written by reporters and put them into a form that suits the special needs of their particular newspaper, magazine, bulletin, or web page. Sub-editors do not usually gather information themselves.
Their job is to concentrate on how the story can best be presented to their audience. They are often called subs.
The person in charge of them is called the chief sub-editor, usually shortened to the chief sub.
Photojournalists use photographs to tell the news. .i.photojournalists; They either cover events with a reporter, taking photographs to illustrate the written story, or attend news events on their own, presenting both the pictures and a story or caption.
The editor is usually the person who makes the final decision about what is included in the newspaper, magazine, or news bulletins.
He or she is responsible for all the content and all the journalists. Editors may have deputies and assistants to help them.